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  • Writer's pictureAnton Kuchuhidze

International press review dated 24-30 December 2022

Ukraine continues to be one of the top topics of Western media. Primarily, we monitor political statements or decisions that support Ukraine and confirm the unwavering course of the West to strengthen our state. This week, Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni had a telephone call with Volodymyr Zelensky. After this conversation, her office made a statement that Italy would fully support Ukraine in a political, economic and military sense. That is, what was laid by the previous Italian government in 2022 will be continued in 2023.

British media traditionally pay a lot of attention to Ukrainian issues. The Times analysed whether there was a technological breakthrough on the battlefield in favour of Ukraine. The systemic material states that Ukraine has managed to surpass the rashist federation in certain technological indicators, even in matters of artillery. There are certain companies that intensified the Ukrainian strikes, primarily US technology companies. In general, the conclusion of Western military experts is obvious: Ukraine uses Western weapons effectively.

Quite a lot of media covered the issue of negotiations. CNN concluded that it is still too early to talk about any negotiations between Ukraine and the russian federation. After all, as the President of the United States of America said earlier, our Western partners do not see real prerequisites for the russians to do something to approach at least some format of negotiations, and they agree with Ukraine in this regard. CNN also quoted the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine in the context of his statement that Kyiv wants to start a discussion on a peace plan within the framework of the UN by February next year, but only after russia faces a war crimes tribunal.

In the same way, the topic of the negotiations was considered in Le Monde. They analysed the statements made after President Zelensky's visit to the United States, in particular, about the satisfaction of Ukraine with the results of this visit. Le Monde also quoted Mr. Kuleba’s latest statements on the talks. He noted that any war ends diplomatically, and also that any war ends as a result of actions on the battlefield and only after that at the negotiating table.

In general, the trend towards a positive assessment of the situation around Ukraine persists. And, as I have repeatedly noted, opinions in the media help the political leadership of our country to capitalize this positive assessment into concrete effective political decisions in completely different areas, as was the case during President Zelensky's visit to the US.

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni on Tuesday reaffirmed her government's "full support" for Ukraine in a call with President Volodymyr Zelenskiy, her office said in a statement.

Meloni, who took office in October, has been a firm supporter of Kyiv, despite friction on the issue within her rightist ruling coalition and divided public opinion.

"Meloni renewed the Italian government's full support for Kyiv in the political, military, economic and humanitarian fields, to repair energy infrastructure and (to work) for the future reconstruction of Ukraine", her office said.

With Russia’s war on Ukraine raging for 10 months, Volodymyr Zelenskiy left his country for the first time since Vladimir Putin ordered the invasion, paying a visit to Washington. While there, he made clear to US President Joe Biden and lawmakers, including skeptical Republicans, that he’s in the fight for the long haul—and that they should be, too. “Your money is not charity,” he said, drawing repeated standing ovations as he addressed a joint session of Congress. “It’s an investment in the global security and democracy that we handle in the most responsible way.” The Kremlin, which claims to have hit over 1,300 critically important targets in Ukraine since it started the war, warned it would continue to target weaponry supplied by the US and its allies. For now, the money and the weapons are still flowing, with an additional $47 billion coming as part of a massive government spending bill.

Ukrainian soldiers have revolutionised the way battles will be fought in the 21st century by waging an “algorithmic war” that enables Kyiv to outgun invading forces with far fewer troops.

Artificial intelligence developed by companies in the West has given Ukraine a technological edge over Russia, military experts said, turning the tide of the war.

Artillery continues to dominate the war in a way that would be familiar to generals fighting battles centuries ago. However, the accuracy, speed and deadliness of Ukrainian strikes has dramatically increased thanks to software developed by Palantir, a US tech firm co-founded by the Republican billionaire Peter Thiel.

As a year dominated by Russia’s war on Ukraine draws to a close, Vladimir Putin has made a point of suggesting he is open to peace talks despite evidence to the contrary, with comments that have been roundly dismissed by Kyiv and the West as a ruse at a time when the prospect of negotiations in the near future appears extremely remote.

Days after saying he wanted an end to his war, the Russian President on Sunday repeated his claim that he was ready to “negotiate with everyone involved in this process about acceptable solutions,” the state news agency TASS reported.

His remark came amid Russia’s tireless bombardment of Ukraine’s energy grid with rockets and missiles, which has sought to wipe out the country’s power as it enters its cold winter months, and follows a ten-month invasion in which Putin has repeatedly attempted to denigrate Ukraine’s sovereignty.

His comments were rejected by Ukraine and the US and are unlikely to be seen as more than a sideshow by the West.

That doesn’t mean Ukraine is not open to peace talks. Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba told the Associated Press on Monday that Kyiv wants UN-brokered discussions to start by February, but only after Russia faces a war crimes tribunal.

Ukraine's government is aiming to have a peace summit by the end of February, preferably at the United Nations with Secretary-General Antonio Guterres as a possible mediator, Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba told Associated Press on Monday, December 26.

Mr. Kuleba said he was "absolutely satisfied" with the results of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy's visit to the US last week. He said that the US government had made a special plan to get the Patriot missile battery ready to be operational in Ukraine in less than six months. Usually, the training takes up to a year.

Mr. Kuleba said Ukraine would do whatever it can to win the war in 2023, adding that diplomacy always played an important role.

"Every war ends in a diplomatic way," he said. “Every war ends as a result of the actions taken on the battlefield and at the negotiating table."

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